Book 2


Chapter 1


In which the children play a game of colours, which requires that Shem (or Glugg) must guess the colour of Issy’s (Izod’s) knickers. He tries three times, going into exile between guesses and telling stories about his parents. With his final wrong guess, he loses Issy and is cast into exile. Then ALP comes to fetch the children for study and food, when HCE suddenly roars, in a roll of thunder, ‘Shut the door!’ and the children scamper inside terrified, and assign HCE with the godlike status of ‘Loud’.


Pages, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259


P. 219


The following story or play occurs every night at the Phoenix Playhouse. Entrance fee for the stalls is one shilling; for the circle, one large shilling. On Sunday, matinees. Children’s hours explicated [i.e. subtitles of II.2]. The players and parts are redistributed nightly [i.e. in history, after every Fall or incarnation…] by the producer, with the blessing of the Holy Genesis archbishop [?] and the patronage of the Four Historians [a blend here of new testament and old Irish legends] and oversight by the Chief [HCE? The donkey/Shem?]. The character parts are played by two brothers [Shaun and Shem] after many revivals [of HCE], and is broadcast across the seven seas in all manner of languages and in Four Books [i.e. FW]. The play is called: ‘The Mime of Mick, Nick and the Maggies’, featuring:


GLUGG (played by Shem) the bad boy of the storybooks, who when…


P. 220


…he knew too much, found himself in disgrace with


THE FLORAS (Girl Scouts from St Bride’s Finishing School [i.e. 28 Rainbow girls]) a month’s worth of pretty maidens who are the maids of honour for


IZOD (Miss Beauty Spot [Issy]) a bewitching blonde who is only matched in her beauty by her sister reflection in a mirror, who having jilted Glugg, is fascinated by


CHUFF (Shaun, see the picture of him on the safety curtain), a frank, fair-haired fellow, who wrestles to get to the top with Glugg, usually arguing about school caps, shoes or bags, or shooting redskins generally [Russian General?], until they merge into someone else or other [i.e. the hindoo] after which they are taken home to be washed and scrubbed again by


ANN (Corrie of the Stream, she brings her babes to school and distributes charity money, 111 entries, and her little chicks must not miss national schooling [flag?]) who is their poor old mother, playing opposite to


HUMP  (Mr Michael Gone, who also plays parts in Icelandic sagas and the play about King Eric of Sweden [i.e. Northmen]), a cad with a pipe, with his watch and top hat, coat and a family crest, is the cause of all our grievances, and who after recovering from recent impeachment, due to an issue with god everlasting, but he is now converted [Middle East], has the semblance of the [original] substance and recalls his spirit with a reminiscence that reveals an ancient treasure [supercargo? or Saunderson his father?], and who lives in The Rockery, a customhouse [pub] where he entertain his customers


P. 221


THE CUSTOMERS (Members of After Hours Drinking at St Patrick’s Academy for Grown-up Gentlemen [priests?]) a dozen locomotion civic engineers, who are sloppily served by


SAUNDERSON (Mr Knut Beer Brandisher, [a Scandinavian] who has Tuesdays off, doesn’t wash, looks like a flatfish or a torch-bearing ape, a dud half-sovereign [royal bastard?] who doesn’t drink tea or eat puddings [is really a policeman?], always trying to gain something, farts like an earthquake [source of later thunder?] and smokes Lucky Strike [also strong connection with Norse gods]) a scissor-sharpener and ruined priest [Father Michael?], unconcerned with the mystery, but under the influence of


KATE (Miss Rachael Lea Varian [Jewish connection], who tells fortunes for bachelors, behind a curtain with card, palm and tealeaf reader Madam d’Elta, between shows) plays a cook and dishwasher, who believes one thing, that whether playing the ‘House by the Churchyard’ or ‘What’s up in Asgaard’, the show must go on.


Time: the present.


With a futurist-style, and battle portrayed as ballet pictures, and the Pageant of Past History created by Messrs Blood and Thunder… [more credits]… Jests and jokes for the Wake from the estate of Mr Tim Finnegan…Buckley’s shot [at the Russian General] created by the fire…


P. 222


…men in the pit… The whole thing, including portions omitted as the result of certain titulars failing to arrive, would be summarised in a final Magnificant Transformation Scene, showing the wedding of Night and Morning and the dawn of peace, pure, perfect and everlasting [Book IV?] that wakes the weary of the world [i.e. Finnegans Wake].


The story is as follows.


Chuffy [i.e. Shaun or Mick] was an angel, and his sword flashed like lightning. Holy Michael defend us! Make a sign of the cross. Amen.


But the devil was in Glugger [Shem or Nick], that lost-in-learning punk. He was coughing and spluttering, wiping his eyes and gnashing his teeth over the secrets of existence and other books of life. He had overcome the shamrock [i.e. renounced Ireland] and instead praised a three of clubs [FW trinity?] and other acts of false worship. Devil, appear!


In that sombre evening, the first stars appeared, the girls released their glittering light and circles of earwigs formed, and they shimmered as they descended in the air and shyly beckoned from behind his back. ‘Shemmy, come…


P. 223


… on!’ The little lamb [Izod] was suffering from dizziness. Would the archangel [Chuff] save this angel from the wiles of the wolf [Glugg]? If only the Irish signs of the deaf and dumb alphabet might stop Glugg guessing the colour of her bride dress [riddle of colour of underwear]! It isn’t any of the rainbow colours. ‘Like a montage [of colours] stuck in a mother lode, I am all these colours [a gem i.e. heliotrope]. To pronounce it, the tongue goes high at the start, down in the middle, rolls then finishes with a pop. What is it? O Holy Troopers [heliotrope]! Isn’t that giving it to you?’


Up Glugg stumbled, such a thing he’d never seen. ‘You will be my own’, she said, ‘if you call my colour.’


And they met, face to face. And no horse was more certain to fail.


Stop, brother! demanded Chuff, pointing his sword to kill or maim him, and I’ll be damned but he proffered to Izod a shamrock from the grass.


Chuff: ‘Who are you?’ Glugg: ‘The cat’s mother.’ Chuff: ‘And what do you lack?’ Glugg: ‘A queen [i.e. Izod].’ 


Chuff: ‘But what are you trying to comprehend’ [?]. Chuff, puzzling his brain: ‘I seek the finder.’ [answer/asker – i.e. Izod]


The how-do-you-say-it what-is-it word that is the answer. A dark-tongue cunning riddle! Glugg asked the sky. He sought the answer in the air and in the ground. At last he went back to the stream where she was prancing so jauntily.


With not a hint of the word from the other girls or Chuff [wordless] either.


He was hard pressed and wanted to go somewhere else. He wished to take his problem to …


P. 224


…the Four Historians. And not long after he was feeling better, for he had a good purse [?] and shortly after felt like a ‘mahout’ [elephant driver] might feel as an [train] engine driver [??]. He was at his wits end and wanted to give the Four Historians the present of his purse. He found the Four. They found the stones [money?] and they fell in eating a duck. He sat down and ate the leftovers.


At which begins our tale.


‘Poor Glugg!’ As was often said about this ‘word mother’ [foul mouth]. Deplorable! Oh dear! All the frightfulness he inherited from his progenitor. With hairy ankles and bulging eyes, and she [Issy] asked him: ‘How do you do who lacks the lock, and pass me the key, please?’ [i.e. the riddle answer – similar to Prankquean’s question] She then asks him to answer her bright and early [in the morning]. ‘Sing to me the answer anon!’ she asks. And Glugg, in the Limpopo [river] of his subconscious [confusion], looked as though he didn’t know whether someone was bursting bladders [sounds] or whether her vocal tones that reached his ears were in fact those of his school master [?].


The delightful girls showed their drawers, all except one [Issy], but drew up together at the sight of their guardian [Chuff]. Her potential boyfriend [Glugg/Shem] arrived as a troubadour, thinking how he might guess what the colour was by looking at the Flora girl’s underwear. ‘Does that not satisfy you, Sir?’ she said. ‘Lots of pretty girls here Madam Liffey!’ he replied, ‘And what are you going to ask them to do, Madam?’ She put on her slipper – it was so shiny and would bring her a groom. Glugg must ask for them from their guardian [Chuff] at the next line-up [game] (of the two, Chuff holds the rapier but Glugg holds a pen) to release the thing of his heart [Izod]. ‘Are you wearing red ones?’ asked Glugg. At this…


P. 225


… there is a tittering of hilarity, and the work-chary Glugg is advised by those assembled with a shrug to ‘go try asking that of the Ulster marines’  Otherwise, holding their noses they said in private, ‘No, he talks peace in his preaching just for the esteem’ [or he pisses in his trousers and plays with the steam].


Beware the wolf! Go off! Taboo! [they said to him]


So off he made for his topee [hat], as fast as leg could run, and he sat down hard pressed by his hungry belly. He asked himself: What’s my [thoughts] for these times? To wit: bread and water and life’s a curse. Then bread and more water and more curses. Then no bread, no water, and what a lot of worms. And that all Shem [Glugg] shall have.


A rivulet on a mountain [Izod], she wasn’t sure what she meant. All she wanted was golden syrup, and some Knight’s plum jam. It was driving her  mad that he’s so stupid. If only he’d talk instead of gawk as though someone had stuck a stick through his spokes, if only he would not worry so! Speak, tweety bird! I’m not a bog monster [or dog fox, or sl. doxie=girl…]


- Are they moonstone coloured?

- No, replied Izod.

- Or Hellfire stone?

- No

- Or a coral pearl [pink/orange]


‘He has lost the game!’ they said.


‘Off to jail Glugg!’ ‘For what?’ he asked. ‘Shake your arse, Glugg!’ [i.e. get going] ‘Let’s ring-around Chuff!’ ‘Farewell Glugg!’ ‘Chuff’s in his heaven and all’s right with the world!’


Yet Izod was in tears. ‘What can the matter be?’ He promised he’d buy her… to tie up her pretty [hair]… But he is so long gone and so far… Goodbye!


The flower on her hatbrim drooped. The bow knots wilted.


P. 226


The face on her mother-of-pearl brooch […or in the photograph …] didn’t know whether to laugh or cry. The lovely girls always vaunt their pictures.


Poor Izod sat in gloom, tarnished tinsel round her neck. Why was she gloomy, peripatetic Isolde? Her beau has gone all cool. She’ll follow him anyway, except to France. She’s fading away, but we know how the light of day fades. She’ll meet a new fiancé. Though she’s unmarried now later she’ll dress up and help her husband. Chuff is high sheriff while Glugg has to swing.


So, toe to toe, to and fro the Floras dance around, for they are Izod’s garland of angels.


Cashmere stockings, Liberty garters, shod with shoes, and like quicksilver. Caps and pinnafour frocks and ring on fingers. They look so lovely, dancing about.


They are the colours of the rainbow, their dancing entrancing…


P. 227


…the [young becoming older and the younger dancing] over and over again.


[In a medley of life] The grocer’s girls slips her hand and takes some haricot beans, the lady in waiting takes paraffin from the can, Mrs Quickdoctor holds up her skirts whenever she hears thunder, a widow knits cat’s cradles, an actress hides a coin under her tongue, and here’s a girl confessing to her priest that she’s hot about a chap, and another girl writes fortunes in the dust. What a buzz: all of them like runaway sheep bound to go back to Bopeep [Izod], leaving their teenage years behind them. That’s the way of life they took, and here’s a new lot come back, for they are the Flora girls, all the flowers of the handmaids’ [whores’] garden.  


But switching from those palms of perfection [the Flora girls] back to ‘anger arbour’ [with Glugg/Shem], green with anger, with flushes of rage that went from his head to his stomach, and stomach to hat, the outward signs of his disgrace. He was floored [or hit up to the floor] by his lack of the riddle’s answer; he didn’t know the colour [hue]. Goodness gracious if they would smile at him, he would appreciate it. But no sign from them was given. They were all at odds against him, the beasts.


He fought with his school chums [or against the sacraments of the church]… and had a bout with McAdoo over nothing… and defiled himself…


P. 228


… with what was left [?] from the breeches of the MacSiccaries. [… may refer to Shem’s creation of ink and writing over himself] 


All the while, the much misuse he received preyed in his mind, and he swore: he would leave. He squeals like holy Patrick. [?] He would seek the patriot’s absolution. Enough! He took a boat the next morning over the sea with just three sheets in the wind, a crew of the Levant [?], swearing silence, exile and cunning. ‘Bye bye Izod, I’m leaving! Au revoir!’ In a circle of ancient stones, he dreamt he would finish. A girl chaser, no longer! Missionary for the ministry of all the sons of Ireland. Silence for a maxim, a censorship ban for his books, and a hedge class of young girls to teach [English lessons in Trieste etc]. He banished himself to Pencilmania, Bretagne, Amorica, there meeting Mrs Gloria [patroness] of the Bankers Trust, and reincorporating borrowed phases [into works of literature] in Paris and Zurich, after a tarry eastward in Trieste with a return ticket valid for twenty years. There he enjoyed liberty and nostalgia! Where every man has his own castle and is his own lieutenant at the doorway. He would make one with himself, writing a jail journal, exiled like Sebastian Melmoth, called his First Epistle to the High Brows [or Hibernians i.e. Portrait or Ulysses]. From the one time commander of tomorrow to the people back in his house: ‘A Salvo! Ladies and Gentlemen! No more turd shields [toilets? Russian General?]! Free love for everybody! Tinned salmon by the…


P. 229


… yard! With ham and eggs until father falters! Wild horses won’t stop him from writing! Gout stop the English! And send St George for some ink! And don’t laugh at his wine tavern! [e.g. FW] For he is General Jinglesome.’ [i.e. James Joyce]


He had a position as a scribe with the Society of Authors to inform the press and the English nation of shopkeepers about the truth concerning his parents [or Chuff and Issy?], the sorrows of ‘milady’ [from Three Musketeers] as a melody, with her as his lioness and he as her knight errant. Written as a letter from him to her. This was to be read out over the radio to all in range of the signal.


[A number of chapters of Ulysses are referred to, to indicate what is read out…]


He would expose to the entire world how his old father had a big hole in the bottom of his hat [the arse of the Russian General…] and how her ladyship his mother had never ceased making water [i.e. the Liffey] since the blow [her husband’s fall dealt her] brought her down so low. He would just set it all right down in black and white, yielding to no-one [i.e. external direction] in his ignorance, and all could see how sorry he was in this ‘confessional’. Writing on vellum with a quill [or on his own flesh, as per Inkbottle story] he wrote a miraculous biblical book of sinning, for all people, which was thoroughly enjoyed, all about who stole his [father’s] innocence…


P. 230


… and why he was off colour and how he was ambushed by his sons, first by Michael [Shaun] and then by Beelzebub [Shem], and why the provincials expelled him from his home country, and how his only creature comfort was an omelette in a small room at the ends of the earth, and how he would have no truck with either form of socialism [national and left-wing socialism], and it was the best way of blocking out the sorrows of Satan until he could go tete-a-tete - as Wagner did with his mistress - after what seemed the torments of a thousand years - with two women [Issy and mirror image]. He would sit through several centuries of whatever boredom to meet somewhere if, for a pension for life, his payment was [enduring] go-to-sleep music and providing personal company, following which she [ALP or Harriet Shaw Weaver?] could have all the personal dedications [in his books] she boo-hooed after, while he made recourse to poetry, his bread and butter. Was the Liffey [ALP] worth leaving? No!


The tree and the stone. Thereart he, reminiscing by the bandstand, dreaming of earlier times – the old suitors of the family drama, starting with a simple pair whose descendents can be traced down to the notorious nepotists, patriots all of them, with the gloss of their faces, patriots to a man, and the levers of his economy. Remember the castle overthrown. Once a prosperous tree, now a stone baroque [sculpture?]. And I’ll paint you a poem [pome: apple] if you’ll tell…


P. 231


… me the answer to when was a hovel not a hovel (that is the first riddle of the universe) (give up?), when it is a sham [or home].


- My god, alas, the dear old [time-time] home

  Where oft in youthful sport I preyed

  Amok the green grass, convict vassal dazes

  And loitered for amusement in thy bosom’s shade!


During his mouthful of ecstatic [poetry] (concerning a sweet-young-thing in China from across the Timor Sea) hereupon a pain shot up from the root of his wisdom tooth (she thought him Irish [?] a festy king from the gurgling Liffey, regally feathered, when really [his poem was lifted from a number of minor poets]) as though his tooth had been sawn in two. His anguish convulsed the features of his face. Upon which his pain made him look like a crazy chimp. ‘Jesus Christ, son of a nun!’ he said. Though he live for billion of years, he would not forget that [pain?]. Like nothing on earth!


But after he had beaten his breastplate, and he had forgotten his birthplace [or place in the poem, or by blaspheming], he soon repossessed [?] himself. By prayer? No. By contrite attrition? No. Through exorcism? That’s right.


And so it was he resumed [possession of] his soul. He recited a line from an ancient song. Then threw a fit. It was a dance like a little brown jug jig he learned in the place of fire whilst on a red hot turnspit. That was under the reign of ‘old Roast’ in the old tavern [G. ratskeller, HCE?]. Look at him, how he’s knotting his entrails! He’s biting his own head off.


P. 232


He has a lump [?] of coal. And may eating his tar-pitch delight not cause him a loss of colour! For this man that blanks you is mostly black inside [?]. And [as coal] this inflammable [male] might pursue his [female to be ‘burned’] with a real flame. The worst of his fit is over – but wait. Hold the press. Just as he was to administer the coal treatment and continue with the major operation [his poetry reading] , a telegram, like a butterfly from her handbag, or a dove, came from Izod: ‘I’ll wait for you, oh darling!’ And at the top of the scorched message she twined flames to let him know she was married. And back a message went from him. ‘Dead’, burned its words [?]. Then another from her even before his was posted or penned: ‘Come back to Erin [errand].’ Then another, ‘Please! Oh please!’ What were they saying to each other? ‘I have surrendered to him until I can get redress, which means the end of my days in Tintagel [or Ireland]’, said he. ‘Are you jealous of me, my brother [of my brother] Did you bow, mightly lord?’ she asks. ‘Do you support the unconditionally rejected’ [i.e. Glugg or Nick, himself], he asked. ‘Certainly lad [or lord]!’ she replied. ‘Stop that sobstuff’, he said. ‘Stop it, and sit in my lap, Pipette, though I’d much rather not return to Erin the way things are, with everyone an invincible [murderer].’


So again he’ll have a run for his money [in the riddle game]. And with his horse and dog, and a hop step and jump, and appreciably less time than it take a glacier to submerge into the Atlantic, he was again before the trembling sea, his cap off, double disguised, gotten up in a Sinbad sailor suit [or tailored suit]. The smartest vessels wanted him as a lucky passenger. Like some pigtailed foreigner [?]…


P. 233


… if not for his toothache, he’d tell a tall tale of his ‘picture on a wall’ [i.e. FW] and his photo in the newspapers, letting on that, despite his jests and japes, he has a tail all cocked [or tale cooked up].


And it’s a long one.


Girls, hide from sight those rainbow hues this beau may bring to light! Though on your doorstep and bent on one knee, he mustn’t lodge here.


For a hunting the girls will go [hunting scene] and you need not make your choice. Find the fringe for your frock and lace with your socks with lots of show and show.


Glugg is guessing at hers [colour of underwear] for all he is worth.  Listen to his wild guesses, and play fair Izod!


He falters, and says he hates to trouble them…


But leaving out god and king and exercising a liberty of speech, he asks:

- Have you bright yellow [drawers]?

- No.

- Have you May yellow?

- No.

- Have you perhaps nun’s belly yellow?

- No ho ho.

- Enough! Enough! Enough!! I’m going!


And he did go, to their annoyance, slinking away, as though driven away by stones or a storm. For he could swallow the sharp talk of that fallen angel as much as your cow can speak Spanish [or, as easily as a cow could eat spinach].


What a day! He was nauseous…


P. 234


… his spirits had fallen most grievously, and he was bedazzled and puzzled, and looked like hell. As though gun shy and being shot at? Or a peasant conscripted into the Armada?


But could anyone [brother] have looked more winsome than Chuff who he left behind? Of all the Irish green heroes he was the whitest, the goldenest! He stood there, a child of a church father from tonsure to toes, son of Buddha and a May Queen, a dazzler with oiled curls, a sun surrounded by vestal priestesses, with gamecock spurs and a smile like glue – while a host of flowergirl sprites circled him like peahens with a chorus of congratulations, purring with excitement, lauding him with nicknames they would only ever have bestowed upon their intended husbands, their perfume setting him on fire rather than teasing him, so that he, the fair-haired, might have mercy upon them and kiss them. ‘We know you like that Latin lad with his impurities’, they said to Issy [?], ‘and we certainly like the kisses of the riddle game, so tell that boy Chuff to put bellows to his lungs and give us another of his answers.’ [?] Then they began singing, swinging and hopping, in a choir. They said…


P. 235


…their prayers to the messenger of his nibs, their prophet, prostrating themselves. ‘May thy evenings be blissful! As we hope for your ablution! [!] For the sake of the colour, the scent and the sweet drops [or heliotrope]. Amen.


A pause. The horizon is white as Ottoman glory [Middle East], ebbing westward and leaving in its silence a turquoise sky. Then they prayed:


- Thankyou, thankyou, thankyou! [Flora’s to Chuff] We thank you that you brought it off [defeated Glugg]. In later years, even should you have a desk job as a bank manager, we [Flora girls] shall reside with all your obedient servants in The Rose Garden. Red brick houses have good value, but we will save up and buy a timber house in a forest of trees. We’ll have a letter box for lovesick letters, and swings and hammocks, so may everyone envy and wonder when they spy on us with binoculars from their windows. ‘Fiat Fiat’ [he was, he was] shall be our car license plate and Chuff shall be our chauffeur. Tea will be waiting for us, as I told you. Our pup Percy will sniff all callers, and our sister Tabitha [the cat] will extend a hearty welcome. The cake, a Lady Marmalade Shortbread [Izod?], will be for supper, with almonds and honey and…


P. 236


…mint. Don’t miss it or you’ll be sorry. Charming clothes, glittering jewels and perfumed cigarettes. Lemonade and chocolate will be served. We think his sparkling headiness [lemonade/Chuff] should meet Lade Marmela [Izod]. Then a party and song would begin. Alleluia.


Since the days of Romulus and Remus, the parvenus have been dancing through Chapelizod and the ooze of Ballybough, and though times have changed and fashions too, the dances have come through the times for our enjoyment, the dancers lithe and limber as ever.


The flower-girls are still in the night, their petals opening and turning according to the course of…


P. 237


…femininity toward him in worship, as though they may catch all the parting shots from his masculine pistol, for he can see their drawer colours [as Glugg could not] as they all dutifully listen to his lovely elixir.


And they said to him:


- We are enchanted dear Stainless, our confessor, heaven dweller. A pattern of innocence, and deliverer of letters round the world, and when you are sightseeing on your round, send us a wise letter through your holy post [or prayer through holy ghost], now that you have ascertained our names. You are not unclean and an outcast [unlike Glugg]. [etc…] Lord of our hallowe’en, we maggies


P. 238


…wear drawers that are men’s BVD underpants, and so want to win a lottery so as to be dainty if in dishabille with you. Let the revenger [Chuff] hurry back before this letter has even been sent, and it will be all the more intimate if we can overshadow the coming offensive [be dressed well for the third answer or a liaison with Chuff?]. Next our shrinking selves we love the feel of sensitive garments, in rainbow colours, an angel’s clothing. Promise us that you will keep this in confidence, as though we were disrobing and you drew a veil, until next time! You do not want to tell anyone, but by jingo if you do! But bashfulness be damned! May he take her, may he take her, may he take her to the maximum! Listen, Kicky Lacey and Bianca Panties took their fool the Duke of Wellington all the way to the finish [i.e. HCE with the two girls] but me and my raven cousin, have a chance with three Bonapartist soldiers. She’s like my smile and I love her like myself, like the blue of the sky. How the men’s duels makes their trio! Honour is like wax for Sir Sword [Earwicker] – like dum-dum bullets for the Irish riflers, and the Queen’s wealth of hair combs for us jennies. We are all buzzing with the effect you have on us. We are speechless over here…


P. 239


… so please communicate with the original [HCE and god?], since we are only learning… Behold the handmaidens of the lord! To these nuns we are that, but really we’re yours, immature yet, but we welcome the day we shall open to you [like flowers]. Then you shall see a sight. No more marriages! No more gifts in marriage. A girl may fancy a fellow’s friend, and then that fellow fancy your friend and after that follow us. All is vanity.


Marriage is up [as in finished] and down and out. Soon there shall be votes for women and food for the fettered [?], peace on earth and heat in ovens. When every scullerymaid shall hold the same rights as a yard scullion, and to stand as an equal in private or in public [also a distinct sexual reading here]. When all the Roman Catholics are emancipated and the world is made free. So much for the ‘his main is his right’ man! And all his creations [HCE/god]. So tell Coquette to teach Connie to teach Cattie and tell Caminia to teach La Cherie [all about this], though where he lives amongst us, nobody knows except Mary. And that why we both wring our hands, and also hold hands and dance.


These bright young things were waltzing with their angelic Chuff while those who were not there [i.e. Glugg] were screaming oaths, bawling and groaning with belching hubbub as though in hell below, damned and bedevilled as the defeated Lucifer. London Bridge lay bottom-end up and could not be broached by [Glugg’s] puns and riddles [i.e. he had lost – the second round]. Yet the ring of girls danced on not caring a drat for the Glugg brat…


P. 240


… or you. Instead Glugg ate sausage and mash. He could not go to their picnic party. He was not on the social list. Poor Glugg was dazed and it was as though he had laid in his grave.


But lo, he rises, with pitiful eyes and a woebegone voice. ‘Open Sesame!’ And he examined his conscience to the best of his ability. No more could he sit on his seat. With his Thomas Aquinas on his judgement seat. No more singing the days away in church. Thinking of the Trinity has muddled his mind. He himself, born of a tribe of thugs into a brood of blackmail [culture of making one submit?] duly recanted all the Genesis heresies [?]. He, by the blessing of the blind [!] proffered his penance and would stop with being ‘international’.[?] He, ex-commander-in-chief in the sport of guessing colours, though with dust in his eyes, turned to make plenty of money from white girls [i.e. Joyce teaching English/or ‘make gold from silver’] hiking all over Italy. No more for him the collecting of assets and facing liabilities, or the appeal of union and the trinity. He would make a clean breast of it with a good girl, like a white-headed son, a chip off the old Finn, a twig of the stick that beat him. He’s writing all about his father [i.e. HCE]. [Language is becoming pidgin because he’s travelling overseas] A devil of a man. He was also a remarkable man [Glugg’s father], as dispossessed as any Jebusite, and 100% Irish speaking. Had a pub that was open all days. Wearing Peking silk, and notwithstanding his former guiles, he had gained weight, and, despite not saying grace for either lunch or avalanches, looked like a prophet with his smiling blue eyes. He repeated all this [about his father] with a pious alias, and because he begged for two bits (‘shave and a haircut’) people thought that while he had the shape of a he-goat, he was just a lamb of god, with his tail docked. [They are] not true these stories of his [father’s] portmanteau [i.e. FW, suitcase, coffin?] being full of potatoes [Irish stories, gifts of food?].


P. 241


After his attempted assassination [by Buckley] and while under legal summons, he [Glugg’s father] would coax pennies and silvers and offer oranges and candy to lithe maidens with his purest of polygamous intentions, because of his peculiar ailment of running away on payment-due days because he suffered from his domestic responsibilities [house torts]. A colossal bragger not worth one brass lie, the schoolgirls say, as he [Glugg’s father], like a great white caterpillar as he crawls into their beds and dreams [?], like a pig in shit [?] with all his runts [children?]. So little is she [the schoolgirl/ALP] and timorously she greets his immenseness. But they were soon set, her ‘yes’ sounding in his ears [Ulysses]. In the love nest, his mistress, with her red tresses and her feminine form like an ampersand [ALP], was as though [a model] in some arse doctor’s anatomy lecture. He [Glugg’s father] is as good as a mountain [i.e. Howth], and knew Meister Vikingson [Wellington, Earwicker], the far-famed Norwegian captain, with his blushing [or ruddy] complexion fanned by ocean [Ossian?] breezes who never saw his grandfather or his bed head and never met his mother-in-law, and [Glugg’s father] had as an ignominious name ‘Master Milchkuh’ [Father Michael], the queerest man in the world, and they say he found his kids in an advertisement [rather than sired them…]. Others accuse [Glugg’s father] of being a knock-kneed degenerate dope user, with melt-in-your-mouth romanticism that was purely tommy rot and pro-British [Tommy Atkins]. The curse of god on these Bedouins [the detractors – his children?]. But even if she did take all her clothes off [ALP and Father Michael] there was no truth [in these lies]. There were two whores of the Sea of Deceit and three shooters, dromedaries of the Sands of Calumny [i.e. another ‘sin’ scenario: Glugg as HCE]. The latter soldiers would shoot his behind! [i.e. Buckley]. The word of a whore is always a lot of arse. They were asking for more gold these liars. These young girl victims! They would eat [lick] their licenses [as whores?] before they would deny a word from the three soldiers. In his contrary account, Bishop Babwith, bears witness in his ‘Just a Fiction [or Justification] of…


P. 242


…Villains’ [or William], that this Lord Nelson [Glugg’s father HCE] of poor hearing, was diseased, had adenoid problems, was highly accurate in his thinking, lived in house number seven [Bloom/Rainbow girls], liked to bet, a weakling, and a geological mission found his rear in a painting [i.e. picture motif – Russian General], he had bad buck teeth, and was coming on ever so nicely at 81. [These lies] are why everyone perks up at news of this grandfather. That’s why the ecclesiastics and the prime ministers preach about him and get their power using his wicked proverbs [or the story of wicked Glugg’s father]. That’s why he, a Greek or Roman womaniser, was tried by jury, wearing a sunhat while two nurses agitated his teapot, each a shy gay young eighteen year old. Simply for inducing pretty young girls [tipidities: younger versions of Kate] to forget their troubles (rainy days) and be nice and dainty in the shade (29: Issy+Rainbow Girls). Grand old toucher-up of young photographs [poets] [someone said] and he turned around abruptly as though he heard falling salmon tin make a noise [Shem’s favourite food]. Fare him well, the gigantic man. He is a revelation! Tried by a jury of matrons, with his humble hump [HCE] living in his dirty dump [Tip]. And the story is set in stone with a view [picture?] of him going up Suffragette Street.


[And Glugg is also telling the story of] his fiery hen mother too, to the princes of the age, the woman who did [who created so much?]. Meet the Mum from Chapelizod. She’s just as funny as she’s vulgar. However she’s still on her saw bones all upstanding. Sing a psalm of sex, please, an apocryphal full of rhyme! [she would say.] She was her husband’s [HCE’s] beauty spot and he would have divorced her. So she didn’t swap into her own home from Howth Castle [after the sin]. But she was the alliance of Ireland on his waistcoat [crest], on his brooch on his fox fur mantle. Who doesn’t [i.e. everyone] know that when she first…


P. 243


…came into the picture [picture motif], fresh and gushing [fume: water rapids] at the mouth [of the Liffey], she was wronged by somebody (and Magrath took the rap) and [falling] ran forward with her 40 bonnets, terrified of the mere names of the mountains [HCE?] and desperate to be back in her childhood bed [i.e. with the sea, her father]. She feigned illness and got a pain in her stomach from the soldiers at war [pregnancy]. Then, complaining about his poorliness due to persecution and how he harboured her when she was all alone, he was her sovereign lord and ‘guvner’-general (HCE), and he let her into the ancient consort room and legally bound her to him [i.e. in marriage], so if ever she’s bereaved of him, since both were parties to the deed, it was HCE who pays the funeral bill. Meanwhile, she nurtured him from her alms [or cooking] dish, singing and checking his ears for earwigs, she was like a playful cat skidding about after hail, smoothing his ruffled clothing and complaining about the wind lifting her dress [?]. She wandered wildly like a wanton woman in the wind [Liffey meanders]. If only he’d stopped smoking his pipe and listening to music, and renounced the Dubliners in the their pubs and kept the streetwalkers out the parks, and Nestle’s milk from selling honeycomb [?] and Ali Barber selling faulty traps [carpets?] - she would instead have made many dollars with her souvenir dealings, dedicating her nutbrown cloak to charity and hanging about Oxmantown’s church and not bowing before Indians or Moslems, and would wave her lovely hat like a purple cardinal’s princess, or a woman advising the papal legate, giving a glass of milk to the legate’s comrade and children [i.e. HCE and children] on account of all he had done for the honour of Rome, and the nations adored him [HCE], and would give a coin to Saint Persse O’Reilly [HCE] who gave the three [tenors, gondoliers, sons] their loyal devotion to offer masses for widows.


P. 244


Hear, O world! Glugg’s tiny tattling [on his parents]! Backwoods be wary [Glugg is there]!


But who comes yonder [over the pub where the children’s game is played] with a fire atop a pole? The moon. Bring olive branches to mud cabins and peace to tents [the game is over]. The dinner feast is at hand. Shut the shop! The hag by the name of ‘curfew’ hisses from her lane. Haste, it’s time for children to go home. Come home to roost little chicks, as the wild wolf is abroad. Let’s away and stay where the log fire’s burning.


It darkens, our phenomenal world. The marsh pond by the bog is visited by the tide. We are enveloped by darkness. Man and beast begins to get cold. They don’t want to do anything. Or just get rugs/forage. Put some coal on the fire. So cold! Where is our honoured spouse [ALP] – the foundress? The foolish one is within. Ha! Where is the father? With Nancy Hands [hostess of public house]. The hound has fled. What ho! It was a wolf under those lolling ears. Farewell. His trail can’t be found, over cliffs, up mountains, down dells, a craggy road to walk. So long sky! The moon is up, see! Nothing stirs in the undergrowth. The playful paths of dragon fly and spider are still in the reeds. The deers and birds are silent. The evening is turning into night. The lions and tigers are shutting their eyes. Soon it will be time to lie together through the night until the cock-crow of morning. Dreaming of the panther monster [U.] While the jungle sleeps. The elephant has sung his last trumpet, ‘great is the elephant’s tusks’, and he’s said a prayer for the hippopotamus and mammoth…


P. 245


… and will rest from his toil. The rhino’s horn and snout are so big, but he doesn’t care. So be it! No noises from the animals. Lights! Bright lights, we’ll be alright. With the help of a hurricane lamp [we’ll sing songs]. ‘When other lips and other hearts, then you’ll remember me.’ And now with Brer Fox’s [HCE] fishy fable finished, the threads somewhat torn and the knots in its arguments, the little fish in ALP’s fish bowl have stopped squabbling/wriggling about Jonah and the whale [ALP/juno and the wall] and papal infallibility [stone] and the procession [fish] of the holy ghost. And if a tramp laid his ear to the river [or HCE’s chest: ground], excepting the gurgling and the noise of his own mind, he wouldn’t a flip or a flap in all Finnyland [the river or Dublin]. Night watchman, anything to report? ‘It goes. It does not go’. The park is dark and filled with the cooing of doves and lovers. Rosimund’s by her wishing well [wall?]. Soon the temptresses in twos will stroll looking for adventure and hunters in threes will strut like musketeers. A brace of girls, and a brace of beaus. With the way wide for jiggy-jig joy. HCE is hulking there [in his pub], hold hard! With his dithering dathering walk! But meeting him might not go as anticipated. And if you wander to the Liffey mouth, wanderer, here he lurks [HCE/Joyce watching], but do pull the bell [join in], for none are unwelcome [to love-making?]. Bing bong [the bell rings]! It’s like thunder! Are you taken with colic, and do we lack the booze? No sir! If you were Mary Queen of Scots or the last Christian, there’s mugs and rooms and saw-dust strewn in expectation of your enquiry, Sir Knight, the tapster with his bottles, and his wife only as high as his hip. And Old Joe rinses the glasses, and old Kate swabs the floors and bricks [?]. All A1. It’s where Chivvy Chaser [hunter] calls for drink and the poor landlord stands a drink [or stands by the king’s strirrupBk 1.2]. The Old House by…


P. 246


… the Churchyard. And whoever comes over [i.e. invader] for Whoopee Week [Finnegan’s Wake] must put up with the Judge and Chambers [the later trial of HCE].


But heed! There’s a lull in the children’s game. All’s quite on the field of glory. Hush, a horn! The father of the house [HCE] calls out threateningly. Wearing a thundercloud periwig and with lightning bolts flashing from his finger. My soul I hope he doesn’t shout at us! Anna is poking into her dinner pot to see if the soup is cooked enough, listening to the bubbles saying: ‘the coming man, the future woman, this food will build, what he with fifteen years will do, the ring [song?] in her mouth [singing] of joyous god, stars stirring about [in the sky/soup].’ A splash [or palace] for him, some sauce [sperm?] for her, and spoons [women?] for the winners. But one and two were never three [HCE plus sons – i.e. it is not straightforward: there must be a competition]. So the children must have their final round since [Glugg] is on parole [released, returned?] And Napoleon [Glugg?] has to choose between the two girls Josephine and Marie Louise [Issy and mirror] to wear the lily of Bohemia. Ready! Now here comes the beautiful Issy la-Belle! [Izod]


The whole camp calls them. The children are wild. And the girls are marching. The horse show magnate [Chuff] draws them like a magnet, and those fillies fly. The schoolgirls of Sorrento Point, they know the Vico Road well [i.e. participate in the Vico cycle] Ranked in their fine array and flocking towards the competition. They are not on speaking terms these brothers, since their last battle, when Adam [Chuff] left us, and the devil [Glugg] took the hindmost [Issy], poisoning her with his [crab/pine] apple [in the riddle competition of when is a man not a man, Bk 1.7 p170, i.e. winning and impressing her?] and it is a fight with no finish between the dark-deed doer and his brother the goodwilled wooer, Jacob and Esau, Shem and Shaun, Ying and yang, and happy will be he who [the most] harm does [to the other] and life’s then worth living, but the other is burnt like Giordano Bruno. All of them want a duel. For she must walk away with one of the two. Otherwise, there would only be solitude.


Introducing again Jerry [Shem/Glugg], the unchaste blade, with the flowing…


P. 247


…language, who goes on to say how it was foretold, in an argument about time and space en route between tree and stone, that, running away with his use of reason and going amok with the breaking of his voice, his viciousness was getting the best of his youth’s virtue [presumably a reference to Joyce’s somewhat illicit sexual appetite as a youth] and his personality was being controlled by the holy spirit [i.e. HCE merged with sons, or trinity]. He then ate and went to bed and told the world to go to hell.  He ate his bread with strangers [in exile].


Boo! You’re through! [they all said]


Who? I’m through. [he replies]


How do you do today, my dark gentleman? [Chuff’s challenge to exile/foreigner?]


Not too bad [he replies]


God knows. Everything is ruined and meaningless. [Chuff’s response?]


After that Glugg wept. With such a truth he seemed to love his sweetheart. Murmuring, in mourning, he sees her there before him. Dressed in black from her knee to collar, though [underneath] white [wide] from the garters up. He cursed the saints, it was a sight most delicious, and his eyes reddened until like the oxide of mercury! And how it saddened him that his eyes would rust [red?] And yet his red eyes bore false witness about how deep was his hidden wound [love for her]. He didn’t want the Flora girls of the other boy to see the wound he felt. Hence it pained the unchaste [Glugg] that he had lost his one-girl-for-every-man, even though there might be more, or men [?], and the option of going to war [or whores?: Ta ra ra Boom De Ay, I met a girl today…]. He could become immaculate, and drink the shirt [off his back?], and those whores with short skirts would then have to change their tune. So he went from the first to the last [i.e. he lost the game] and in between became an exile for life. Lifting the black [Izod’s black dress, or white of petticoat?] he viewed as a veil [lifted?]! Split the white [Izod’s undergarments/white light] and see heaven [or seven colours/i.e. Izod lifts her dress and shows him her white petticoat]. He knows now for he’s seen them in black and white through his eyeglasses which was tantamount to a photograph [camera obscura/chiaroscuro/picture]. The rainbow girls tried taunting him with different colours: red/green apple, wine, yellow [28 colours etc]…


P. 248


… What are they all beside her? [She, Rider Haggard]


If you knew her [or guessed her] in her prime [colour], you would fall for her the very first time. Look, she’s signalling from among the flowers. Turn again wistful one, lord mayor of Dublin! [To say ‘heliotrope’] Let your tongue rise [‘hee’], then put it onto your palette [‘lee’] drop your jaw [‘ohh’] make a percussive sound [‘trrr’] then pout [‘ope’] and its out.


The first bit of the word [top] brought Achille’s down [‘heel’], my middle I [‘I’] ope [‘O’] and my bottom’s a waltz [‘TROPE’ ?] and my whole [hole] is the flower that is like a star in the day [or follows the sun] and is well worth your pilgrimage [or the sun’s]. There’s an aitch [H], a head [to come to a ‘T’] and let a hangman’s halter [ROPE] hang the scoundrel. [Difficult set of taunts presumably from Izod follow…] I see through your ‘whereupon’ [literary pretensions?], and that’s not a cock’s crow [cassock/i.e. Glugg is not a Christ-figure], he is wearing makeup, and if my language tutor [Glugg] here is cut out for an old bore, I’m flowing away [Liffey]. If he beetles over [falls], I’ll fly away. Pull the bow peep [beau pee/story of woman peeing…?] and see how we’re all fast asleep. Is your lump of a tongue for lunch, or would you prefer Turkish Delight [Middle East]? My soldier [Chuff] is a twelve horse [12] power, though he knows as much about being a husband as the colour-blind know about matching shades of wool. Shake hands the two of you! My other half is already kissing! This world of kissing though is filled with men killing, who also kneel to heaven. And someone is coming [HCE?], I feel it for a fact. I have a secret to tell you: when you next have a mind to be wicked, here is a dainty way as any in the woods. It was my Lord of Glendalough [Kevin/Father Michael] who blessed [broke] my virginity at Long Entry, commanding the approach to my innermost intimacy. Look, at the brothers! It now costs six shillings at Blanche-de-Blanche’s houses in Behind St and Turnagain Lane [3 soldiers, 2 girls]. Little River is my callsign, Magnus [Chuff] here’s my man, Wonder One [Issy’s mirror image] is my cipher, and the Seven Sisters [Flroa Girls] is my neighbourhood brood [gang]. You can pick them by the pink of their panties. You’re colouring…


P. 249


…like a prawn, while I go flirt with any cockle. While here, he who adores me is fast asleep [HCE]. If he could see me he’d be ever so jealous. He was my first King Mark [drink] since Valentine’s Day. Wink [i.e. heliotrope] is the winning word.




In her mouth lies that word [heliotrope/word known to all men, U? ‘Yes’] The roof of her mouth is like ruby, the teeth like ivory, and is filled with her breathing, and her fairness, the fairness of fondant and milk and rhubarb, and the fairness of promise. There in her mouth lies that word, dear reader! It vibrates on her tongue and explodes from her lips. A few letters and you have it, old son [Shem]. And sonny [Jim/Joyce] he’s coming to land her, the boy she adores! Make way for them!


With a ‘ring ding dong’ they raise clasped hands and retreat a few steps, then curtsey twice, with arms outstretched, like devotees.




They sing:


- I rose one morning and looked in my mirror and saw nobody loves me but you.


They point at Shem as though to shun him.


- My name is Misha Misha [Shem] but call me Toffee Tough [Shaun/Patrick] I mean muttonchops [i.e. call me Shaun?]. It was he [Glugg, an effeminate ‘her’] the boy who was left in the lurch.


[By] Her reverence.


[The girls] All laugh.


They pretend to help by shouting insults at him to make him speak [i.e. answer the riddle!]. ‘And it’s it’s not cricket, Sally. Not by ever such a lot’. When 29 bloomers [Flora girls and Issy] are against one man and…


P. 250


…rose up [against him]. I was there and thrilled about it. She’s her sex [a girl] that’s for certain. So, to celebrate the occasion [Glugg makes more guesses]:


- Have you got red knickers?


He simulates having tight ribbons around his rump.


- Have you got black knickers like the colour of a broken tile?


He simulates sweeping a chimney.


- Can you wave adieu from Schiedam [town in Holland famous for gin]? [Are they white like waved handkerchiefs??]


He feigns cutting with a pair of scissors and buying knickers [?] and putting them before their pale faces [also a double entendre implications, and possible cutting up of the girls dolls and spitting their heads at them…]


There, he has spoken at last!


Now be quiet, little ones. Rest and stay here beside me. For the time being, now.


For a Birnam wood has come to Dunsinane. Glamour has murdered love, and now we must love no more. Those lacking breath can love no more.


Lets laugh at the libel-man [Shem] writing his lore. Lover-man you will love leaving the Liffey. Lift your right arm to your Life Lord and link your left with your loss of liberty. Ha ha loverman, your love is all behind you.


With a fork of hazel the virgins invoke the devil. ‘Get thee behind me, free from evil smells’ and perdition opens before us.


Twice had he gone in quest of her and thrice has she appeared before him. And the prankquean held her skirts and left, with her troop of girls at her heel. And what how do you think the bride was dressed? With vulcan’s [fool’s] diamonds in her vests [or woolly vest]. Their scents in the air followed her. While the boys’ went wild to see such a floral group.


Led by a light-bearer [Lucifer?], with four happy hops and with chanting of the alphabet, with the wearer of the sword as yet uncrowned [Chuff], they few fly away. ‘We put money on that piebald nigger [? Shem]. Will anyone double…


P. 251


…on the bay?’ ‘Definitely not on Jacob [Shem]’ ‘Get up, god’s scourge on you! There’s a visitor for you.’ ‘The Hun, the Hun!’ [i.e. Chuff]


He stands there, oblivious, as though forgetting himself entirely (as leaden as a stockpot [writer], or like a cracked saucepan [sense-pun] and out of his looming madness came instead a strength to be wise. Thrust from the light, rejected, he imagines her hatred is instead love. He blinks. But one’s anger is greater when it is wreathed with charity. All these people had once been alive, then as time liquefied into state [i.e. a picture] they become angels [i.e. fall of Lucifer]. Though, he considers as he stands there, anything may have befallen him, the song of a witch [Issy] mixing with the utterance of a demon [Shem], him a famished devil and she a sorceress, in an eternal conjunction in their nightshirts [?]. If he spies east he seethes with the truth [south], and if he looks north his heart wilts [west – the Four Historians?] And what wonder with the murky wisdom of the shadows? The writings on his pages are his foul deed thoughts, the hallmarks of his mad imagination. The girls and Chuff take off! But Funnylegs Glugg has to lean. They [the girls] would like to be like her. Gosh they would. Gosh, they’re like ripe cherries.


Issy could have shaken him [in her anger]. He was an oaf, and nothing more. Still he’d be a good tutor number two, and she’d be like wax in his hands. Instead, he would turn over and finger the most tantalising peaches in his book of the dark [i.e. FW]. Look at this passage about Galileo! ‘I know it is difficult, but when you go left, I go right’. ‘No, turn to this passage on Machiavelli!’ Zut alors, he’s bound to tinker with it. T’was ever so in schools since Headmaster Adam became Eve Harte’s teacher, in every time, with the mischief in a man’s mind and while her heavenly pupils swam, let him be exasperated, letters [classes/messages] be blowed! [blown in the wind]. I am a feminine person, of a provocative gender. And not a singular case.


Which is why cards [Cads] are often mixed up with duels [competition between men for a woman], and here’s Bruno verses Nolan, for the prize of a thou [you/thousand].


But listen to the mocking bird [Shaun] to the mocking bard [Shem] making [out as] bored. We’ve heard it since Sodom and Gomorrah. As he was…


P. 252


…squaring his shoulders. And I was clenching my fists. And we were both shouting.


Come thrust! Go, parry! [fencing terms] I dare you brother. The competition is seen in mankind’s long history of parlements, which are both merciless and wonderful.


- May St Mowy of the monastery and then a catholic cemetery be your future!


- Thank you.


And the reverse exchange.


- And may St Jerome’s protestant cemetery of the Harlot’s Curse see you bedded in with your family!


- Thank you.


And each was wroth [or made] with his other. And his countenance fell. The twins, her crown pretenders, violent-minded bickerers, eyed each other over (and never did a cleaner of lamps [Shem – like Diogenes - dusts-off other historical philosophers in FW] frown more fiercely on an anointer of hinges [Shaun –> anoint -> religion/Issy -> hinge??) while the flora girls are in such a confusion just to know between the twins who is Arthur and who is not equal, the sheep and the goat, for shy and pretty, exceedingly nice girls can fall upon exceedingly bad times unless they chose rightly [richly] (though of riches he had none and his heart’s hopes are dashed) and make their lives greater. He must be put on the spot [any suitor] and there’s no room for wishy-washy stuff, it’s a selfmade world and you can’t believe a word he says, and one is only chosen through natural selection. Charlie, you’re my darling! [Darwin] So they sing about the assent [‘Yes’ U] of man [Descent of Man]. And they all go around and around, unless it’s breakfast [Book IV?] and they’re all dismissed. They keep step and stop together. Where is Fleur? Where is Angel? Where is my garden [or guardian angel]? [i.e. if they are ‘dismissed’ their dance of life is disrupted].


Shem, creedless and crownless, hangs his haughty head. The devil in his eye has faded. A goddam former son of a trombone. He doesn’t know how his descendents will stammer…


P. 253


…in Peruvian [i.e. Shem the exile] or in the first language like it [?]. He dares not think of the provenance of his ancestors, his great-great etc grandmother’s accent of a Russian whore, for the [degenerate] language of the slave all but means ‘I once was otherwise’. Not that the world has changed its pattern as youth moves from strength to strength since the beginning of time and the human races, the ants have hoarded [Shaun] and grasshoppers are spendthrifts [Shem], nothing new whatsoever under the silly old sun, whether you’re a healthy go-to-bed type [Shaun?] or a wiser go-to-bed later [Shem?]. Not that the activities of a London alderman [HCE] are given out to the inhabitants of pigmyland [exiled Shem]. His part [HCE’s sin] should stay honour bound [in silence]: ‘So help me Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, I will stick to you [Shem about Issy?], no matter what, even if you were to release me [from the ‘event’, crucifixion? – sin/exile resulting from guessing game] for the sake of the name of that other cheap girl’s baby [i.e. paternity] for you I will pull on the boxing gloves.’ But the hesitant’s [HCE/Shem?] ungrateful words are a ‘common or garden purple’, and saying ‘thy eyes are like morning stars’ and [his final answer to the riddle?] is ‘buy me a bunch of violets’.


Evidently he has failed for the third time, because she is wearing none of the three. And just as patently clear is the hole in the bally trough [Issy?], through which the rest [answers? babies?] fell out [and over which the two brothers fell out.] Because to explain why the residue is, was, or will not be, [i.e. the fallout of the game]: ever since then the twins could never live apart [or never could live together], in the whirl of society with the pairings of lovers, the merriment and general ‘thumb-to-nosery’ [!] but one must also take into account the sudden and gigantic appearance in the middle of this brawl of village children of the largely long-suffering Lord Lucan [i.e. the father HCE].


But verily, by ‘Blank-de-blank’, the unknown god of machineries, by being cut up and re-compounded, how do we account for [the appearance of] this ancient poetic monster? [next few paras concern HCE…]


P. 254


Was he pushed, for example, as some have diagnosed, from our seawall by the three soldiers, those stout swains – it is the product of these extremes [of action?] that give us our means [of living?], and [it is a fate] as might happen to anyone, from the lowest layman to the champion prince, or so we read in history, even though the chroniclers of chivalry are suspicious [of this negative reading] unless they read it themselves [in a book], for the ancients are linked with the present as the human chain extends, and will be in the future, as long as monks sell yew to archers or the waters of the Liffey go out to sea, with her love-lisp [noise of river] to his monolith interred [Howth Head]? So goes the dance of Perrichon and Bastienne, and heavy Humphrey and hairy Anna. What do you say, sweet friend? [noises of the Liffey] A babel of men, a valley of tears.


The murmur of the mermaid [Liffey] in the mind’s ear, with its uncharted rocks and dangerous seaweed. Only the caul [womb lining, telegraph of umbilical cords back to Adam in U] knows his 1001 name, HCE, Finn [the Fenian?] - how do you do, you foreigner! Does it not all come back to you, purity-snooper [reader?], like a television broadcast from long dead ancient kings? The charges [accusations, children] you may remember, though chances are you won’t, but it’s Old Joe, older even than Adam, and we are recurrently meeting him, the same giant, recycled through Anna, in the various faces of scripture and the various pieces of tombs. Greetings Great God! Defend the king! Height of the attack [H, Howth], whose word is soft [C, silent] and whose hearing is acute [E, i.e.god listens…], he whose hat is a fort [Howth Castle] even as her [ALP’s] hat’s a spire [a breath?] And incidentally she’s a queen of dancing [?] while as a matter of course when his spirit is up [alive] he’s the best baritone singer in all the isles of Scandinavia. As you shall hear. For now at least he has long gone to bed, that more-than-man, prince of bunkum, the lord of herbs and flowers [Howth?] fluttering about. Arthur is the…


P. 255


… is the name of the hero, of Chapelizod, two-handed [sword] slaughterer of the shadows in our lives.


Hold him!


Yet he still stirs. Go back to the clay!


Why will you wake him from his earth, O Summoner [someone or other]: he is woebegone in the dust of ages? The hour of his closing [pub closing bell] lies at hand, the bell that shall klaxon his whereabouts. If one, who remembered all his merchandise [and wanted to try some – tomb spoils/or beer], were to ask why the storks were quitting this eagle’s nest [see McHugh on stork], would he not sya [think] to another with him there to breach the barrel spillway [of his pub – or castle] – ‘Jehosophat, what doom is [in] here! [i.e. the storks were leaving, so HCE had returned]’ ‘Run through to them, sire!’ ‘May he be protected [the sire]!’ ‘Cavalier, caution! Slaves to Virtue, save him! May he be far away. Be his Hector protector! Keep your eyes open’. [idea of a team of knights forcing their way into HCE’s tomb or pub] ‘And try to remember these nights of valorous effort until the end of the world’. Just as Pliny the Younger and other Romans wrote their works [recalling those times]. Just like we learned from ancient Irish texts in Dublin, kingdom come [about military exploits]. Even if you are just a shop keeper [HCE as publican] and never lost your license over measures. [The pub is] Nor a small drink different from a bed and breakfast. And please drop that air of ‘you know what I’ve come about, I’ve seen your act’ [addressing HCE?]. Punch [HCE] may be bottle [or battle] proud but his wife Judy [ALP] is a better wit.


For the producer (Giambattista Vico/fate?) caused a weariness to come upon the Father of Truants [HCE] and promptly brought onto the scene HCE’s small consort [ALP], a foundling filly of a tailor and a shipman’s shop girl, weighing ten stone ten, and five foot five in height, and 37” around the chest, 29” around the waist, and 37” around the answer to everything [hips], 23” around each thigh, 14” round the beginning of happiness [i.e. calves] and a nice 9” round her slender foot.


P. 256


And before you could say ‘mercy to goodness’, HCE’s hen wife has collared [grabbed] her pullets [the children playing the game]. That’s what they have ears for [to hold onto]. Their argument has vanished in an instant (and they all came clucking) while singing ‘The wren, the wren, the king of all birds’ and shouting ‘Beer, Wine, Spirits for consumption on the premises’, and ‘Ma’s merry and Pa’s polite’, and the children were the ruddiest of them all, though festooned with flowers and colour, and despite the hue and cry [one could see in them the resemblance to HCE].


All go home [says ALP]. Stop blaring on that ram’s horn Edmund Burke! And cease your fuming, Kendal Bush! [burning bush] And Sherri-Goldies [Flower girls etc] move sternwards [toward home]! For the holy language [bed time prayers?] is soon to come pass.


It’s good. It was the best [time].


For they are now tearing about, and turning. Too soon [they think] they are coming in to read text books and get their bread and bible, with jaggery sugar, and fine French phrases from the Grammar, and fine words from the Four Masters, Matthew, Luke, Mark and John, and what happened to our 11 in 32 AD, and why is limbo and where is it and what are sound waves, and what is the radio saying since before they all went wrong, with brother against brother [Able axes Cain? World War?] and the fisherman fetching the ‘among flesh’ [Christ] from the Patrick bird [god/dove speaks in Mary’s ear?], and why was Sinbad [HCE-Humphrey] sitting on him [the Wall] looking like a sailor, French, hydraulics, chemistry, and mathematical problems.


The little cloud Nibulissa [Issy] still hangs in the sky. Sinbad sulks before bedtime.The night light has a picture of the Alps on it. The Gaelic League [sounds of the pub] are in the air. Gaels to the right of us! Gall [foreigners] to the left!


P. 257


What is a maid to do? So angelic and weepy. Issy is most unhappy. ‘Is Issy unhappy?’ laughs her mirror image, whispering.


Running about [still outside], coming and going, now speaking of rhymes and rhomboids, now tripping over trapezoids, repeating a story Grandma Geomater showed them about grasshoppers, ants and rabbits and hares, they spoke of Dorian Gray and Maid Marion, and all the boys and girls sang out a [skipping?] song – about, a fella in the house-belong-Daddy [pub], nin nin nin nin, that poor man’s clock chimed, nin nin nin nin, [a song] about old Father Barley [HCE] who got up early and met with two platinum blondes named Hips and Haws [whores…two girls in Park] and fell out with some Trinity College fellows called ‘Skyward Shows’ [?] with: [version of Four old Historians turned lechers] (‘You’ll catch it, don’t fret, Mrs Timmy Lipton! Come indoors, Toffeenose and shed your swank!’)

  1. old Daddy Deacon, who could stow his piece of bacon but couldn’t hold his candle to (The nurse will give it to you, sticky pots! You wait lassie, stealing the twins!)
  2. bold Farmer Burleigh, who stuck in a hurly burly where he could hardly wiggle his way back out of the baker’s booth, to beg off (I’ve got you now, Missy Cheekspear and your pants are off!)
  3. old Daddy Achin for the price of the piece of bacon, with a pinch in the pants of the punching jury for (Ah I have you, showing off with that gape in your stocking)
  4. Old Forrester Farley, who in desperation of diaspora was found near the sound in the land of the.

Shut the door! [Hundred lettered thunder: door of pub? Issy’s promiscuity? Shout of HCE]




Loud applause!


The play in the playhouse, ‘Game’, here ends. The curtain drops by request [of HCE].


More applause!


Gone are the gods, gone are the performers. The game of ‘what is the colour’ has ended, with an answer of ‘lots of lives lost’. The girl is upset with the boy. The historians snore.


P. 258


The time of rending rocks and reckoning with rogues reigns. The gods are in Gottdammerung. Hells bells. The timid hearts of mere words have fled. How did that come about? By Dad, did you not hear that thunder? The lightning and thunder of father tonight. And the children did a bunk. In fear they broke, they ate the wind and ran. Go to, let us extol this angel of death with our words, in our drinks, on our door jambs and gates. [i.e. the birth of a god] To the mausoleum [museum?] with the devil, did you think I was dead? [says the god on resurrection] Hip hip hurrah! And let Nick extol Mick and say: I am Shem [I am the same?]. And shall not Babel [Shem/words] have a partner and opposite? And he would. Nick shall answer ‘I hear how they laud you as the one’. If Nick shall fall from heaven, surely Mick will live in heaven. Go and extol [to all men] Mick, ‘Though you have lain amongst your fleshpots [tosspots] my rule is over all men. Great is he who rules over all men and he shall make a Nick of Mick and the opposite’. And he did.


Applaud the man again!


For he on high has spoken in the tumbledown world and metamorphosed by that phenomenon [thunder], the inhabitants of the earth trembled all over.


Loud hear us!


Loud, graciously hear us!


Now have the children entered into their habitations [i.e. children went inside/also in Vico, men fled thunder into caves]. And the nation is glad, the meeting [of children] is over. Thou hast closed the door of your house behind your children and set guards, the twin policemen [Shem and Shaun], so that the children may read the books that open the mind to light, and err not in the darkness [i.e. outside] which is the after-thought of thy creation [?], guarded by your bondsmen, the cheery cherubim boys, Timothy and Tom.


P. 259


Till trees become stones, for ever.


O Loud, hear the beseeching of each of these little [unlit/innocent] ones! Grant sleep in an hour’s time.


That they do not take a chill. That they don’t need the lavatory [in the night]. That they shall not have bad dreams. [mad Hiawathas? /also, not kill or commit adultery]


Loud, heap miseries upon us yet entwine our arts with laughter!