In citing Joyce’s works I use the following editions and abbreviations:

D Dubliners (1914; Frogmore: Triad/Panther, 1977).

E Exiles (1918; Frogmore: Granada, 1983).

FW Finnegans Wake (1939; London: Faber and Faber, 1982).

Letters Letters of James Joyce, Vol. 1 edited by Stuart Gilbert (New York: Viking, 1957); Vols. 2 and 3, edited by Richard Ellmann (New York: Viking, 1966).

P A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916; Frogmore: Granada, 1982).

SL Selected Letters of James Joyce, edited by Richard Ellmann (London: Faber, 1975).

U Ulysses, edited by Hans Walter Gabler, Wolfhard Steppe and Claus Melchior (1922; London: The Bodley Head, 1986).

Contents Page